EVALUATION OF FINE ARMS OF HANDS IN CHILDREN OF YOUNG SCHOOL AGE WITH INTELLECTUAL INSUFFICIENCY
Yarkova T.A. 2, Chestneyshina O.A. 1

1. No rthern Arctic Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov
2. Children and Youth Sports School Novodvinsk Russia

Abstract:

Mental retardation is an atypy of development, in which not only the intellect, but also emotions, will, behavior, physical development suffers. The complex structure of abnormal development is caused, first of all, by a primary defect, directly arising under pathogenic influence, and then by secondary abnormalities. The primary defect of mental retardation is organic brain damage. Underdevelopment of thinking, speech, higher forms of memory Vygovsky considered as secondary defects, caused by the difficulty of assimilating social experience due to the biological insufficiency of the brain. The author also stressed the negative role of social deprivation, arising from the loss of a mentally retarded child from the collective of healthy peers, and to a large extent this was connected with the underdevelopment of the personality, manifested in primitive reactions, the unformed nature of the will qualities of a distorted self-image

Keywords: children of young school age, intellectual insufficiency