THE IMPACT OF VISUAL IMPAIRMENT ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF SMALL MOTILITY AT CHILDREN OF PRIMARY SCHOOL AGE
The ability to see, i.e. to feel and perceive surrounding reality by means of the visual analyzer, is called sight. The greatest number of impressions about the outside world a brain receives through sight. It is defining in formation of ideas of real-life objects and phenomena. By means of sight essential signs of various objects (light, color, size) are learned, orientation in space is carried out, fine and architectural arts are perceived, complex changes in nature are observed. They have reduced informative and physical activity. It constrains the development of sensitivity of motility of hands, it has an adverse effect on formation of subject practical activity, motor readiness of a hand for writing. Thus, relevance of a research is defined by the fact that the development of small motility is connected with the development of informative, strong-willed and emotional spheres of mentality. The level of development of small motility causes possibilities of cognitive activity and significantly influences the learning efficiency at younger school students with visual impairment. The development of thin motility as the main condition of realizing of cognitive activity provides possibilities for the successful training provided with the help not only traditional methods but also with use of new information technologies.
Keywords: Key words: development, motility of hands, visual impairment, younger school students.